PERSONALIZED PATIENT CARE
Becoming a parent is a dream of every couple. It gives extension to ones personality and also makes the bond between a couple stronger. It is often taken for granted as something attainable by all who want to have children. But the fact is not so. Failure to conceive or infertility can become a chronic condition, wherein people experience major disruptions in their lives and their relationships. Failure of a couple to conceive after trying to do so for at least one full year is called infertility. When the couple is not able to conceive even for the first time, it is called primary infertility. In secondary infertility, one or both members of the couple have previously conceived, but are unable to conceive again after a full year of trying. Pregnancy is the result of a complex chain of events. In order to get pregnant:
Infertility can result from problems that interfere with any of the above steps. There are many couples that establish their central identity as 'infertile' and they begin to define themselves by their infertility. They see themselves as failures because of their inability to conceive. This sense of themselves as failures takes on overwhelming proportions in their lives. They are unable to separate treatment failure from personal failure. They push themselves to the periphery. Infertility often leads to isolation because individuals find it difficult to socialize in the "fertile world." In the first part of the 20th century, scientists believed infertility was often psychogenic i.e. resulting from psychological stress. Later in the century, more attention was focused on infertility as a stress in people's lives. Today, we recognize that stress can affect fertility, and we also recognize infertility is a major stress as for people.
If a couple is unable to conceive, the first thing they need to know is that they are not alone. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), about 15% of couples of childbearing age seek medical help for infertility, usually after about two years of failing to conceive. The problem can stem from both female and male issues. Generally speaking, the source of infertility is :
The process of conception involves the fertilization of the egg with the sperm. The fertility factor in male depends on the production of normal sperm and the delivery of it to the vagina of the female. The sperm production and development is under the control of hormones, the body temperature and an appropriate genetic environment. The sperms are stored in the epididymis and are pushed through the vas deferens and urethra during ejaculation. Conditions that affect the number of sperm and the quality of sperms are the cause of infertility in males. So the causes of male infertility are :
Pregnancy is the result of a chain of events. A woman must release an egg from one of her ovaries (ovulation). The egg must travel through a fallopian tube toward her uterus. A man's sperm must join with (fertilize) the egg along the way. The fertilized egg must then become attached to the inside of the uterus. While this may seem simple, in fact many things can happen to prevent pregnancy from occurring. So the causes of infertility in females can be join:
Stress problem - Excess of stress may cause problems in conceiving. This is due to the successive changes occurring out of stress and tensions.
That translates into more than 6 million people who have trouble conceiving and bearing a child. And the chances of conceiving in any month are only 25 percent without fertility issues.